页岩气知识提纲

  • 背景
    • 最近的焦点-油价下跌,美俄对抗
    • 美国中东地区撤军原因
      • 美国逐步实现能源独立:美国是世界上石油储量最大的国家,但却大量依靠进口(环保要求苛刻),近年来逐渐增加产量。再过20年完全实现自给自足) 
        12年的时候说要在15年前成为最大天然气出口国,17年成为最大石油出口国
    • 常规能源:指技术上已经成熟、已大量生产并广泛利用的能源。煤炭,石油,天然气,水能,核电。 
      非常规油气(包括重油、致密砂岩气、煤层气、页岩气、天然气水合物等)的开发利用已经成为必要,且逐渐变得可行
  • 是什么
    • 页岩气是指主体位于暗色泥页岩或高碳泥页岩中,以吸附或游离状态为主要存在方式的天然气聚 集。从某种意义来说,页岩气藏的形成是天然气在源岩中大规模滞留的结果,由于储集条件特殊,天然气在其中以多种相态存在。

继续阅读

比较经典的岩土工程英文书籍,推荐搞岩土研究的看看

一、土力学相关

• 工程实践中的土力学

“Soil Mechanics in Engineering Practice”

by Karl Terzaghi, Ralph B. Peck , Gholamreza Mesri (从1996年第三版开始作者中加入了Mesri)

• 土的特性基础(第二/三版)

“Fundamentals of Soil Behavior, 2nd Edition”

by James K. Mitchell

“Fundamentals of Soil Behavior, 3rd Edition”(2005)

by James K. Mitchell and Kenichi Soga.

•土力学-临界状态土力学引论

The Mechacnics of Soils–An Introduction to Critical State Soil Mechanics.

by Atkinson.

对土的临界状态理论描述非常言简意赅,适合初学者 继续阅读

国内外著名岩土工程SCI期刊中英文简介

1. Canadian Geotechnical Journal   加拿大岩土工程学报

1963年开始出版,世界上发行量最大的三家岩土工程学术期刊之一,以刊登有关基础、隧道、水坝、边坡问题精彩文章及相关学科的新技术、新发展而闻名 月刊 SCI期刊 ISSN : 1208-6010

主编:Dr. Ian Moore, Queen’s University

http://www.nrcresearchpress.com/journal/cgj

Published since 1963, this monthly journal features articles, notes, and discussions related to new developments in geotechnical and geoenvironmental engineering, and applied sciences. The topics of papers written by researchers, theoreticians, and engineers/scientists active in industry include soil and rock mechanics, material properties and fundamental behaviour, site characterization, foundations, excavations, tunnels, dams and embankments, slopes, landslides, geological and rock engineering, ground improvement, hydrogeology and contaminant hydrogeology, geochemistry, waste management, geosynthetics, offshore engineering, ice, frozen ground and northern engineering, risk and reliability applications, and physical and numerical modelling. Papers on actual case records from practice are encouraged and frequently featured.

2. Geotechnical Engineering, Proceedings of ICE 岩土工程

http://www.thomastelford.com/journals/

英国土木工程师协会(ICE)主办,集中了岩土工程实践中的所有方面内容,包括工程实例、工程设计讨论、计算机辅助设计等 SCI期刊 双月刊  影响因子(2006): 0.286 ISSN 1353-2618 (Print) ISSN 1751-8563 (Online)

Geotechnical Engineering covers all aspects of geotechnical engineering including tunnelling, foundations, retaining walls, embankments, diaphragm walls, piling, subsidence, soil mechanics and geoenvironmental engineering. Presented in the form of reports, design discussions, methodologies and case records it forms an invaluable reference work, highlighting projects which are interesting and innovative.

Geotechnical Engineering publishes six issues per year.

3. Géotechnique, Proceedings of ICE  土工

国际著名的有关土力学、岩石力学、工程地质、环境岩土工程的岩土技术期刊,每期只刊登几篇文章,都是鸿篇巨著。英文版或法文版。 SCI 期刊 影响因子 Impact factor (2005): 1.203

Established for almost 60 years, Géotechnique is ICE’s world-leading geotechnics journal, publishing the cream of the international community’s output on all aspects of geotechnical engineering

Subject coverage: Géotechnique provides access to rigorously refereed, current, innovative and authoritative research and practical papers, across the fields of soil and rock mechanics, engineering geology and environmental geotechnics.

Géotechnique is published ten times per year: February–June, August–December.

Indexed by SCI, Current Contents, Compendex, Geo Abstracts, Elsevier Science Direct, Citeseer and others. 继续阅读