免费水文气象数据库推荐

包括:综合资料、降水、SST、地面覆盖资料、风场/OLR/指数资料

以前某天全国的天气情况
http://www.t7online.com/feature/hi301100.shtml

Noaa资料库:
http://www.cdc.noaa.gov

NCEP资料介绍:
http://www.nomad2.ncep.noaa.gov/ncep_data/

欧洲气象中心资料(grib和NC格式的):http://www.ecmwf.int/

Levitus资料:
http://ingrid.ldgo.columbia.edu/SOURCES/.LEVITUS94/.MONTHLY/

Ucar资料
http://www.cgd.ucar.edu/cas/guide/Atmos/Surface/data.html

NASA资料:
ftp://podaac.jpl.nasa.gov/seasurfaceheight/

1度×1度资料
http://dss.ucar.edu/datasets/ds083.2/

ARGO资料
http://www.argo-cndc.org/web/

NCEP 系统资料:
NCEP real-analyses and forecasts     http://www.emc.ncep.noaa.gov/data/
NCEP/NCAR REANALYSIS      http://dss.ucar.edu/pub/reanalysis/
NCEP Eta      http://www.emc.ncep.noaa.gov/mmb/research/meso.products.html
NCEP AVN      http://www.emc.ncep.noaa.gov/modelinfo/
ftp://ftpprd.ncep.noaa.gov/pub/data/nccf/com/gfs/prod/

netCDF format
NNRP1: 6 hourly, 2.5 degrees, from 1948 to present
ftp://ftp.cdc.noaa.gov/pub/Datasets/ncep.reanalysis/
NNRP2: 6 hourly, 2.5 degrees, from 1979 to 2002
ftp://ftp.cdc.noaa.gov/pub/Datasets/ncep.reanalysis2/

降水资料
CMAP资料:
http://tao.atmos.washington.edu/data_sets/cmap_precip/

全球土壤资料:
http://acdisx.gsfc.nasa.gov/CAMPAIGN_DOCS/FTP_SITE/INT_DIS/readmes

全国160个站的降水资料
http://ncc.cma.gov.cn/Website/index.php?ChannelID=43&WCHID=5

风场资料:
http://www.cdc.noaa.gov/cdc/data.ncep.reanalysis.derived.html#surface_gauss
NCEP-QSCAT混合风场资料
http://www.coaps.fsu.edu/

海洋再分析资料:
http://iridl.ldeo.columbia.edu/SOURCES/.UMD/.Carton/.goa/.beta7/
海表高度: ftp://podaac.jpl.nasa.gov/seasurfaceheight/
ftp://podaac.jpl.nasa.gov/pub/sea_surface_height/topex_poseidon/mgdrb/data/MGB_423/MGB423.129.Z
海面风场:
http://podaac-www.jpl.nasa.gov/

GSST: Gridded Sea Surface Temperature
1990年至今的海温资料regcm3的主页上有连接的
ftp://ftp.cdc.noaa.gov/pub/Datasets/noaa.oisst.v2/sst.wkmean.1990-present.nc

Reynolds&Smith 的重构月平均海表温度资料(2×2)
http://www.cdc.noaa.gov/cdc/data.noaa.ersst.html

南海气候态温盐年平均格点资料:
http://led.scsio.ac.cn/cgi-bin/topic.cgi?forum=2&topic=24&show=0

ncep1*1再分析资料和avn资料网址( by 小歹 )
ftp://ftpprd.ncep.noaa.gov/pub/data/nccf/com/
http://dss.ucar.edu/datasets/ds083.2/data/

1998年每周的雪盖资料(by jaodan)
http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/data/snow/

mm5中terrain部分中的25类植被数据
ftp://ftp.ucar.edu/mesouser/Data/

卫星资料:
http://www.nsoas.gov.cn/    ;国家卫星海洋应用中心
Aviation model 的avn data:
http://weather.unisys.com/aviation/index.html
Topex/Poseidon卫星资料:
http://sealevel.jpl.nasa.gov/mission/topex.html
http://www-ccar.colorado.edu/research/topex/html/topex.html

免费的遥感卫片资料:
http://poet.jpl.nasa.gov//
ENSO指数/El Nino3/SOI
http://www.cdc.noaa.gov/ClimateIndices/List/
http://tao.atmos.washington.edu/pacs/additional_analyses/soi.html
NDVI资料
http://cybele.bu.edu/modismisr/products/avhrr/avhrrlaifpar.html

地面探空资料-MICAPS数据
http://www.cdc.noaa.gov/cdc/data.ncep.reanalysis.derived.html#surface_gauss

一些预报网址:
http://www.opc.ncep.noaa.gov/shtml/pacsch.shtml
http://www.soa.gov.cn/yubao/
http://www.wunderground.com/MAR/wpacm.html
http://polar.ncep.noaa.gov/cofs/

水文资料:
水文资料1: http://espejo.unesco.org.uy/index.html
水文资料2: Global runoff data center(GRDC)
http://www.bafg.de/grdc.htm
水文资料3:US Geologic Survey(USGS)
http://water.usgs.gov/

风场/OLR/指数资料
NECP-QSCAT混合风场(一天四次,空间精度0.5度)
ftp://ncardata.ucar.edu user :nonymous passwd : anonymous
目录/datasets/ds744.4/data

混合风场 ncep的nc格式的风场:
http://www.cdc.noaa.gov/cdc/reanalysis/
SODA(Simple Ocean Data Assimilation)的资料:
http://iridl.ldeo.columbia.edu/SOURCES/.UMD/.Carton/.goa/
NACR-NECP WIND STRESS 风场资料
http://podaac.jpl.nasa.gov/sst/

全球或太平洋的风场资料
http://ingrid.ldeo.columbia.edu/SOURCES/

长序列南方涛动资料:
http://www.jisao.washington.edu/pacs/additional_analyses/soi.html

台风和飓风路径资料:
http://weather.unisys.com/hurricane/index.html

TOMS臭氧资料:
http://toms.gsfc.nasa.gov/ozone/ozone.html

日长变化资料:
ftp://euler.jpl.nasa.gov//keof/combinations/2004

国内外地型/地图资料:
全球地形资料: http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/ngdcinfo/newdownloads.html
http://www.cdc.noaa.gov/Datasets/ferret/data/etopo60.cdf

中国近海的地形数据:
http://www.whigg.ac.cn/bbs/dispbbs.asp?boardID=2&ID=51&page=1
ETOPO5:全球5分*5分的地形资料。就怕是对中国近海水深等值线而言分辨率不高
www.odci.gov/cia/publications/factbook/
edina.ed.ac.uk/digimap/
edina.ed.ac.uk/ukborders
data.geocomm.com/catalog/index.html
www.maproom.psu.edu/dcw/
www.english-nature.org.uk/pubs/gis/GIS_register.asp
glcf.umiacs.umd.edu/index.shtml
www.landmap.ac.uk
http://www.whigg.ac.cn/bbs/dispbbs.asp?boardID=2&ID=51&page=1

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